What Is Homosexuality?
Male homosexuality: nature or culture?
Emmanuele A Jannini et al. 10 2010. J Sex Med.
Nature vs. Nurture: The Biology of Sexuality
Kimberly Cornuelle. 11 16 2010. BU Today.
No single gene associated with being gay
8 29 2019. BBC News.
There is no ‘gay gene.’ There is no ‘straight gene.’ Sexuality is just complex, study confirms
Nsikan Akpan. 8 29 2019. PBS News Hour.
Sexual Orientation, Controversy, and Science
J. Michael Bailey et al. 2016. Psychological Science in the Public Interest.
Homosexuality may be caused by chemical modifications to DNA
Michael Balter. 10 8 2015. Science.
The causes of human sexual orientation
Christopher C.H.Cook. 2020. Theology & Sexuality.
Stop calling it a choice: Biological factors drive homosexuality
Bill Sullivan. 9 3 2019. The Conversation.
Is sexuality purely the result of our biology? Brandon Ambrosino argues that simplistic explanations have ignored the fluid, shape-shifting nature of our desires.
Brandon Ambrosino. 6 28 2016. BBC.
How Older Brothers Influence Homosexuality
Olga Khazan. 4 27 2016. The Atlantic.
There’s (Still) No Gay Gene
Bennett Mcintosh. 8 29 2019. Harvard Magazine.
Biological Factors Contributing to the Development of Homosexuality: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Idalia Maciel. 5 2018. The Eagle Feather.
The Problem with the Belief that Child Sexual Abuse Causes Homosexuality / Bisexuality
PFLAG Atlanta. 11 24 2020.
A short review of biological research on the development of sexual orientation
Anthony F. Bogaert and Malvina N. Skorska. 3 2020. Hormones and Behavior.
Childhood Abuse Experiences and the COMT and MTHFR Genetic Variants Associated With Male Sexual Orientation in the Han Chinese Populations: A Case-Control Study
Jia-Bi Qin et al. 2018. J Sex Med.
Does Abusing Children Have Consequences for Sexuality?
Ritch C. Savin-Williams. 2019 12 2. Psychology Today.
Does Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, or Neglect in Childhood Increase the Likelihood of Same-sex Sexual Relationships and Cohabitation? A Prospective 30-year Follow-up
Helen W. Wilson and Cathy Spatz Widom. 2 2009. Archives of Sexual Behavior.
Why Do Some Identical Twins Have Different Sexual Orientations?
Justin Lehmiller. Kinsey Institute.
If sexuality is not a choice, why do some identical twins have different sexual orientations?
Dan Holliday. 2017. Quora.
Meet the identical twins with the same DNA, but different sexualities
8 12 2018. YOU Magazine.