The Tigray Ethiopia War: Video Sources

Ethiopia: War in Tigray – Background and state of play

Eric Pichon. 2022 12 9. Think Tank European Parliament.

https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_BRI(2022)739244

https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2022/739244/EPRS_BRI(2022)739244_EN.pdf

War in Ethiopia

Center for Preventive Action. 2023 3 31. Council on Foreign Relations.

https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/conflict/conflict-ethiopia

Tigray War Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research. 2023 3 22. CNN World.

https://www.cnn.com/2022/11/11/world/tigray-war-fast-facts/index.html

Conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia

Heather Evennett. 2022 11 11. UK Parliament House of Lords Library.

https://lordslibrary.parliament.uk/conflict-in-the-tigray-region-of-ethiopia/

Ethiopia’s Transition and the Tigray Conflict

2021 9 9. Congressional Research Service.

https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R46905/4

New estimate of the Tigray death toll

Martin Plaut. 2022 10 19. MartinPlaut.com.

Ethiopia civil war: Hyenas scavenge on corpses as Tigray forces retreat

Farouk Chothia and Teklemariam Bekit. 2022 10 19. BBC News.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-63291747

US: War crimes on all sides in Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict

Matthew Lee. 2023 3 20. AP News.

https://apnews.com/article/blinken-ethiopia-tigray-eritrea-war-crimes-da5d9ac7c900c58cc34b9ca5d4156667

Ending a Civil War

Lauren Jackson. 2022 12 11. New York Times.

Exclusive: Ethiopia seeks to end U.N.-ordered probe into Tigray war abuses

Emma Farge and Gabrielle Tetrault-Farber. 2023 2 27. Reuters.

https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/ethiopia-seeks-end-un-ordered-probe-into-tigray-war-abuses-2023-02-27/

Analysis: Truce in Ethiopia’s Tigray war just first step on long road to peace

Estelle Shirbon. 2022 11 3. Reuters.

https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/truce-ethiopias-tigray-war-just-first-step-long-road-peace-2022-11-03/

Two years of Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict: A timeline

Al Jazeera. 2022 11 10.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/11/10/two-years-of-ethiopias-tigray-conflict-a-timeline

Cautious Hope in Ethiopia’s Tigray War 

William Davison. 2023 1 12. Institut Montaigne.

https://www.institutmontaigne.org/en/analysis/cautious-hope-ethiopias-tigray-war

Months after a peace deal, the Tigray region is recovering from a brutal civil war

Scott Simon. 2023 3 11. NPR.

https://www.npr.org/2023/03/11/1162836496/months-after-the-peace-deal-the-tigray-region-is-recovering-from-a-brutal-civil-

The West Is Ignoring the Nightmarish War in Ethiopia

Ann Neumann. 2023 2 11. Jacobin.

https://jacobin.com/2023/02/ethiopia-tigray-war-history-western-media-coverage-history

War in Tigray may have killed 600,000 people, peace mediator says

David Pilling and Andres Schipani. 2023 1 14. Financial Times.

https://www.ft.com/content/2f385e95-0899-403a-9e3b-ed8c24adf4e7

Ethiopia

Populations At Risk. 2023 2 28. Global Centre For The Responsibility To Protect.

Risks of Mass Atrocities in Ethiopia Remain High Despite Peace Deal

Ryan D’Souza. 2022 12 20. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/blog/risks-of-mass-atrocities-in-ethiopia-remain-high-despite-peace-deal

Falling Like Leaves

Ann Neumann. 2023. Harpers Magazine.

Ethiopia’s Tigray war and the ‘big lie’ behind the century-defining 600,000 civilian deaths

Phillip van Niekerk. 2023 2 22. Daily Maverick.

Ethiopia civil war: Federal army seizes Shire and two other Tigray towns

BBC Horn of Africa & Natasha Booty. 2022 10 18. BBC.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-63300722

Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict: Civilian bloodbath warning as offensive escalates

Mary Harper. 2022 10 16. BBC News.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-63275598

A well informed analysis of the Pretoria and Nairobi deals to end the Tigray war

Martin Plaut. 2022 11 23. Martinplaut.com.

A Call to Action: Averting Atrocities in Ethiopia’s Tigray War

Crisis Group. 2022 10 20.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/horn-africa/call-action-averting-atrocities-ethiopias-tigray-war

Hopeful but worried, North Ethiopia war riddles

Sisay Sahlu. 2022 12 31. The Reporter.

As Ethiopian alliances shift, Abiy’s anniversary met by Amhara protests and violence

Martin Plaut. 2023 4 8. Martinplaut.com

Tigray: A Fragile Peace in the Wake of Unspeakable Horrors

Martin Plaut. 2023 4 6. Martinplaut.com.

With a new Tigray leader in place, Amhara dispute comes into focus

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 29. Martinplaut.com.

The Ethiopian and Eritrean armies deliberately destroyed Tigray’s water sector

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 28. Martinplaut.com.

Ethiopia’s religious institutions were a catalyst for the Tigray war

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 22. Martinplaut.com.

Minority rights dilemma exemplifies Ethiopia’s brutal identity crisis

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 11. Martinplaut.com.

An Inclusive Interim Regional Administration with equal representation – a necessity for Tigray

Dereje T. Asefa and Dawit K. Zigta. 2023 3 11. Martinplaut.com

Sustaining Peace in Ethiopia

Gerrit Kurtz. 2023 3 10. Martinplaut.com.

Oromo Orthodox Split: A Collision Between Politics and Faith

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 7. Martinplaut: The Elephant.

Has the Tigray blockade been lifted? The evidence shows it has not

Martin Plaut. 2023 3 3. Martinplaut.com.

A rift in Ethiopia’s Orthodox Church has been healed, but tensions remain

Martin Plaut. 2023 2 28. Ethiopia Insight.

Ethiopia’s Tigray war and the ‘big lie’ behind the century-defining 600,000 civilian death

Martin Plaut. 2023 2 22. Martinplaut.com.

Tigray’s Forgotten Missile War With Ethiopia and Eritrea

Martin Plaut. 2023 1 31. Oryxspionkop.

Guide to the number of deaths in the Tigray war – Prof. Jan Nyssen, Ghent University

Martin Plaut. 2023 1 26. Martnplaut.com.

How Eritrean forces have been re-deployed in Tigray – they have not left

Martin Plaut. 2023 1 17. Martinplaut.com.

What’s Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki’s next move after a dubious truce?

Martin Plaut. 2023 1 3. Global Voices.

What was the Tigray war all about?

Martin Plaut. 2022 12 31. Martinplaut.com.

Ethiopian Languages and Their Whereabouts

AZ Susan. 2022 9 12. CCJK.

Languages of Ethiopia

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Ethnic groups and languages

Britannica.

https://www.britannica.com/place/Ethiopia/Ethnic-groups-and-languages

Who triggered the Tigray War on 3 November 2020?

Martin Plaut. 2021 3 11. Martinplaut.com.

Timeline of the Tigray War

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Tigray_War

Timeline of the Tigray War (January–June 2021)

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Tigray_War_(January%E2%80%93June_2021)

Timeline of the Tigray War (July 2021–present)

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Tigray_War_(July_2021%E2%80%93present)

What are the war aims of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia in Tigray?

Martin Plaut. 2021 1 23. Eritrea Hub.

Eritrea’s Role in Ethiopia’s Conflict and the Fate of Eritrean Refugees in Ethiopia

Mesfin Hagos. 2020 12 4. African Arguments.

https://africanarguments.org/2020/12/eritreas-role-in-ethiopias-conflict-and-the-fate-of-eritrean-refugees-in-ethiopia/

The Tale of Eritrean Withdrawal from Tigray: But Where is the Border?

Mesfin Hagos. 2021 4 15. African Arguments.

https://africanarguments.org/2021/04/the-tale-of-eritrean-withdrawal-from-tigray-but-where-is-the-border/

List of ethnic groups in Ethiopia

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_groups_in_Ethiopia

Regions of Ethiopia

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regions_of_Ethiopia#/media/File:Regions_of_Ethiopia_EN.svg

Ethiopia Political Map and Regions

Mappr.

https://www.mappr.co/political-maps/ethiopia/

Understanding Ethiopia’s #Tigray War: Book Launch

Martin Plaut and Sarah Vaughan. 2023 2 14. Tigray Update.

https://m.facebook.com/103127751660696/videos/2430638847090966/?__so__=permalink

Eritrea’s Role in the Tigray Genocide, Martin Plaut /Prof. Kjetil Trenvoll /Prof. Mirjam Van Reisen

Martin Plaut and Kjetil Trenvoll. 2022. Teddy Press.

Ukraine: civilian casualty update 20 March 2023

Office of the High Commissioner. 2023 3 20. United Nations.

https://www.ohchr.org/en/news/2023/03/ukraine-civilian-casualty-update-20-march-2023

Civilian Death Toll In Ukraine At Least 8,500, But UN Says It’s Likely ‘Considerably Higher’

Radio Free Europe. 2023 4 11.

https://www.rferl.org/a/ukraine-war-civilian-deaths-russia-invasion/32358863.html

Verified Russian Military Deaths in Ukraine Now Exceed 20,000

The Moscow Times. 2023 4 14.

https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2023/04/14/verified-russian-military-deaths-in-ukraine-now-exceed-20000-a80839

The Bloody Toll of Russia’s War in Ukraine

Seth G. Jones. 2023 3 19. Lawfare.

https://www.lawfareblog.com/bloody-toll-russias-war-ukraine

More than twice as many Russian troops as Ukrainians have been killed in Putin’s war, leaked estimates show

Jake Epstein. 2023 4 10. Business Insider.

https://www.businessinsider.com/russians-ukrainians-killed-putins-war-leaked-documents-2023-4

Index of /Resources/Maps/Administrative Regions

International Development Partnerships.

https://www.idp-uk.org/Resources/Maps/Administrative%20Regions/

https://www.idp-uk.org/Resources/Maps/Administrative%20Regions/Ethiopia%20Regions%20Zones.pdf

Eritrea Guide

AfricaGuide.

https://www.africaguide.com/country/eritrea/

Ethiopia War Map: Tigray Rebel Advance on Capital & Control Today (Nov. 2021/Jan. 2022)

Djordje Djukic and Evan Centanni. 2022 1 25. Political Geography Now.

https://www.polgeonow.com/2022/01/tigray-war-map-november-2021-2022.html

Tigray War

Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tigray_War

Russia-Ukraine War Casualties May Exceed 300,000

Globely Staff. 2023 4 14. Globely News.

Eritrean forces still occupy several woredas and kebeles in Tigray, officials

Ashenafi Endale. 2023 4 22. The Reporter: Martinplaut.com.

Is peace finally coming to Ethiopia’s Oromia region?

Ermias Tasfaye. 2023 4 30. Ethiopia Insight.

The First Weeks of the Tigray War: How Somali Soldiers Participated

Martin Plaut. 2022 3 8. Eritrea Hub. Bistandsaktuelt.

Somali troops committed atrocities in Tigray as new alliance emerged, survivors say

Lucy Kassa. 2022 1 20. The Globe and Mail.

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-somali-troops-committed-atrocities-in-tigray-as-new-alliance-emerged/

Somalia Denies Reports Its Troops Fought in Tigray

Mohamed Kahiye. 2021 6 10. VOA.

https://www.voanews.com/a/africa_somalia-denies-reports-its-troops-fought-tigray/6206869.html

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